The urge to oust city leaders has intensified in the struggling economy as more mayors raise taxes and cut services to close budget shortfalls.
Fifty-seven mayors faced recall attempts last year, up from 23 in 2009, according to Ballotpedia, a non-profit that tracks recall elections. So far this year: 15. Almost all have failed.
Unhappy voters no longer wait until the next election to boot someone out of office because the Internet and other technology allow them to spread the word and gather signatures for recall petitions fast.