April 28, 2011

India Puts Tight Leash on Internet Free Speech

INDIA'S DEPARTMENT of Information Technology has quietly issued new rules for Internet free speech. The regulations restrict Web content that, among other things, can be considered "disparaging," "harassing," "blasphemous" or "hateful."

Critics of the new rules say the restrictions could severely curtail debate and discussion on the Internet.

The rules highlight the ambivalence with which Indian officials have long treated freedom of expression. The country's constitution allows "reasonable restrictions" on free speech but lawmakers have periodically stretched that definition to ban books, movies and other material about sensitive subjects like sex, politics and religion.

April 27, 2011

Some Sound Effects That Can Be Used As Ringtones

RADIOLAB HAD some of the greatest sound effects you can imagine. They wound up in a "sonic gallery put together by The New York Times Magazine. Then Radiolab listeners asked that the sound effects be turned into ringtones.

And they did. (Download these sound effects - and more - as ringtones here).

Sleeping Cat Brain:

Pigeon Magnetism:

Whale Attack:

Wriggling Sperm:

Sound is Like Touch:

Better Control Your Civic Engagement and Crowdsourcing Information Quickly

THIS IS way different. Check it - I came across a new site the other day. It's called "DemDash." Basically it claims to give citizens better control over their civic engagement and campaigns more meaningful ways to reach voters.

But better yet the site says, "DemDash is brand new - many features are incomplete or missing and lots of stuff is broken. We'd love your feedback, and thanks for being part of the first chapter of our story."

Gotta love the honesty.

Another site, Ushahidi, has been around a bit longer and everything actually works. Ushahidi is a non-profit tech company that develops free and open source software for information collection, visualization and interactive mapping. I especially liked "Crowdmap" which allows you to get the Ushahidi platform up and "running in 2 minutes" so that you can crowdsource information - really fast.

I know you're asking - what does "Ushahidi" mean?

Answer. It means "testimony" in Swahili.

So Much for Openess: No Tweets Allowed at the Royal Wedding

THE ROYAL wedding will be a tweet-free zone on Friday morning because it's feared that with 1,900 people inside the church, there would be a risk of guests using their phones to use Twitter to send information from the Abbey ahead of Prince William and Kate Middleton's nuptials.

This move was suggested by senior members of the royal family.

Blocking technology will be in place from early Friday morning and will remain switch on for the entirety of the ceremony.

On reading this story, one person responded, "Is there a way to block all news about the royal wedding from my internet connection?"

April 26, 2011

Rock and Roll, Philanthropy, Brain Science and Computer Code: Paul Allen is a Modern Day Renaissance Man

IN 2007 and 2008, Time magazine named Paul Allen one of the hundred most influential people in the world. His impact has been felt in science, technology, business, medicine, sports, music and philanthropy. His passion, curiosity and intellectual rigor - combined with the resources to launch and support new initiatives - have literally changed the world.

The "bitter billionaire," as he's been called, appeared before a crowd of some 400 people at the Computer History Museum in a conversation with Pulitzer Prize-winning Filipino American journalist Jose Antonio Vargas.

Mr. Allan came to the Silicon Valley to pump his new book, "Idea Man: A Memoir By The Co-founder of Microsoft," which is the story of this remarkable man's life. While the book paints a less sometimes than flattering portrait of Bill Gates, with whom he co-founded Microsoft in 1975, one of the greatest stories he told last night was how he and Mr. Gates, as young high school kids, would dive through dumpsters looking for discarded computer code. From there the story of the evening weaved its way through the years and explored some of his many endeavors - buying professional sports teams, building a super yacht, throwing star-studded parties, his work on brain science, philanthropy and SpaceshipOne.

Now for some of the rough spots of the evening. (Forgive me, I can't help myself).

Jose Antonio Vargas did a remarkably poor job conducting the interview. He never exposed Mr. Allen's true inner-qualities - what makes him tick. Many of his questions for the "idea man" started with, "I'm curious" and he seemed more focused on himself than he was on the guest sitting to his left. Mr. Vargas regularly interrupted the guest and tried too hard to be both cute and funny.

I can see why Mr. Vargas is a journalist and not a public speaker.

Next, the sound system in the large auditorium was bad. At events like these a quality sound system makes all the difference in the world. It gives voices a warm richness. And just as true, a bad speaker system gives voices annoying qualities and that impacts the enjoyment of the event.

And finally, while a big thank you goes to Kepler's Book Store for co-sponsoring the event, the process they used for registering people once they showed up - was, well - lacking. Inside the museum there was a long line waiting to get name badges. There were no signs telling you what to do or which table to go for sign-ins or will calls. God bless the "volunteers" who worked those tables. The unfortunate thing is that they didn't seem that versed in what they were doing plus they didn't do any of it with much speed.

I guess it was the juxtaposition of it all.

Here I was in a computer museum (where the current theme is "Revolutionaries") to hear the co-founder of Microsoft, while volunteers thumbed through a small accordion-type cardboard file to find my 4 x 2 inch ticket. And once inside, audience questions were written on small snips of paper and manually collected and passed to the stage.

You'd think that a computer museum would have taken Internet questions before the event and had them ready to go - or something?

I am too harsh. Forgive me!

Oh, for a great interview of Paul Allen by a pro - visit the Charlie Rose site here.

April 25, 2011

Leadership in Information Technology

THIS MORNING, the Wall Street Journal has an entire section on Information Technology leadership and it is a must read for public sector executives - IT and not. Let me say it again, every government leader, executive, manager and supervisor should read these four short articles.

Here's a quick summary of each of the recommended pieces.

"So You Want to Use Your iPhone for Work?" - After Governor Brown moved to take away cell phones from state workers, some local governments were tempted to implement the say kind of policy. But wait. This article seems to being saying something different. It starts, "As people pack increasingly sophisticated smartphones in their personal life, they're clamoring to use those gadgets in the workplace as well. And many of their bosses are loosening up. They're ditching the traditional BlackBerry-or-nothing policy and allowing a wider range of mobile devices, including tablets such as the iPad. This arrange can bring benefits for both sides." Read More >

"Are You Taking to Me?" - Government needs to do a better job at listening to constituents. This article share ideas from private sector enterprises who are doing a good job with two-way communications. The five best practices include: 1) Listen and measure; 2) Do market research through Facebook ads; 3) The boss should tweet; 4) Empower all employess to participate; and, 5) Monitor for compliance. Read More >

"Four Questions Every CEO Should Ask About IT" - Mobile devices, social media, data mining, videoconferencing, virtual reality, blogs, tweets...The list of technologies that could offer companies big-teim benefits, or lead to big-time disasters, is daunting. So daunting, in fact, that top management might be tempted to throw up their hands and let lower-level managers referee the debate over information technology. But that is exactly what they shouldn't do." Read More >

"Put IT Where it Belongs" - Most every government manager I have ever talked with has complained about their Information Technology department. "It costs too much, they're too slow and they just don't have the talent," are common refrains. This article suggests that control of information technology shouldn't rest with the IT staff. The author states, "...for both competitive and technological reasons, funneling everything through the IT department no longer makes sense. Instead, business-unit leaders need to start assuming more control over the IT assets that fuel their individual businesses." Read More >

April 23, 2011

Campaign Signs 2.0

QR CODES. While not widely used yet, they are becoming more popular. And now they have made their way to election campaign signs.

A QR code, short for quick response, is a two-demensional barcode readable by dedicated QR barcode readers and smart phones. The code consists of black modules arranged in a square pattern on a white background.

QR codes have been gaining in popularity among the tech-savy for some time but they've been turning up in the mainstream recently. Late night talk show host Jimmy Fallon has used it to attract viewers to exclusive online content and print magazines have been using them as well

Well now they've turned up in political campaign signs.

Andrew Lang, a Toronto-Danforth Liberal candidate has a large QR code in the upper right corner of his campaign signs.

There are QR code generators. I tried one here and generated the QR code for the URL of this blog.

If you're contemplating running for public office in the near future, maybe you'd make news by getting campaign "T" shirts made with a QR code? Or maybe stick to bumper stickers and yard signs for now.

Want to learn how QR codes could help you? Read this article.

And there's always a Google search!

April 22, 2011

Risk, Reward and the Original Venture Capitalists: Writing the Check is the Easy Part

SOMETHING VENTURED is a new film that tells the story of the creation of an industry that went on to become the single greatest engine of innovation and economic growth in the 20th century. It is told by the visionary risk-takers who dared to make it happen…Tom Perkins, Don Valentine, Arthur Rock, Dick Kramlich and others. The film also includes some of our finest entrepreneurs sharing how they worked with these venture capitalists to grow world-class companies like Intel, Apple, Cisco, Atari, Genentech, Tandem and others.

Beginning in the late 1950's, this small group of high rollers fostered a one-of-a-kind business culture that encouraged extraordinary risk and made possible unprecedented rewards. They laid the groundwork for America's start-up economy, providing not just the working capital but the guidance to allow seedling companies to reach their full potential. Our lives would be dramatically different without the contributions that these venture capitalists made to the creation of PCs, the Internet and life-saving drugs.

The film was conceived by Paul Holland, a Silicon Valley venture capitalist. Paul, a general partner with Foundation Capital, is co-executive producer of the film along with Molly Davis of Rainmaker Communications. The film was directed by Emmy-Award-winning filmmakers Dan Geller and Dayna Goldfine.

If you are a student of technology, interested in how Silicon Valley grew or just want a good story, Something Ventured is a film you should see.

April 21, 2011

Recalibrating Golf: It Won't be Easy!

RECALIBRATE MEANS "To correct a measuring process by checking or adjusting again in comparison with a standard." In the case of this blog - government.

While I normally comment about government 2.0, technology and things related, today's post is a little different. I want to look at a recalibration project in the real world. And this project might be more difficult than the one we face in government!

The recalibration project comes from the world of golf. (Full disclosure here - I am an avid, yet often frustrated golfer).

Everybody knows that golf is a game of ancient rules handed down over the generations. The rules of golf are promulgated by organizations that are remote to the average golfer and there are lots and lots of rules. There are rules for golf equipment, scoring, penalties and almost every situation you could experience on a golf course.

Since I have been to a PGA Rules Seminar, I can tell you first hand that golf has an extensive rule book. And the supporting book of rule decisions reads like a "Tort" textbook. It takes a great deal of study and experience to really master the rules of golf.

Golf is normally played on an 18 hole golf course. The length of those courses ranges from an average of 6,000 yards - the pros play courses that measure over 7,000 yards. The 18 holes of golf are played in consecutive order, 1 through 18. Certain clothes are often required and appropriate behavior is always a must. Today it takes about 4 to 5 hours to play a round of golf. The cost to "ruin a good walk" with a round of golf can cost from $40 to $225 - or more.

The bottom line. Golf is perceived as an old man's game (although that has really changed in the recent past). It's expensive and it requires a huge investment of time.

And that's where the "Alternative Golf Association" (AGA) comes in.

Launched in January 2011, the AGA is a growing group of golfers who want to see change in the game. It's goal is to foster the "creation and evolution of new games - golf for the rest of us." Known as Project Flogton ('Not golf' spelled backwards), Bob Zider (founder) and Scott McNealy (Sun Mircosystems founder and AGA's Commissioner of Golf) are actually putting some money behind their effort. To spur innovation and change, Project Flogton is staging the $10,000 Longest Golf Ball Challenge which is a challenge to develop a new golf ball. The new ball must produce 25% more distance for players with swing speeds of 80 to 100 mph. (And that's a good thing for "us").

Some of the specific changes the project calls for include: the use of non-conforming balls and clubs not considered legal by the United States Golf Association, one mulligan per hole; eliminating social rules like the use of cell phones on the course; and more.

And you thought recalibrating government was difficult!

April 20, 2011

Electronic Delivery of Election Information

THE PEW Center on the States recently released a report (The Cost of Delivering Voter Information: A Case Study of California," which discussed the cost savings related to the electronic delivery of election information. The study correctly says that California counties are still distributing election material the way they did 50 years ago - by paper mailings. It goes on to say that governments could save up to nine percent of their election expenses if a portion of their voters agreed to cancel paper mailings.

Orange, Sacramento and San Mateo counties already offer the paperless choice. In San Mateo County publicity about the paperless option started reaching voters recently and as of this post, 2,601 out of approximately 350,000 registered voters have taken advantage of the paperless option.

San Mateo County's approach illustrates how one county currently handles the "green" voter information delivery option.

If a person wants to sign up to permanently receive their election materials in paperless form, the voter inputs their house number, zip code and birthday and chooses to receive election material electronically. Then, around 30 days before the next election, the voter receives an email with a link to a PDF of their Sample Ballot.

A person can opt out at any time.

One voter said of the electronic approach, "I think the cool thing is that the links included in the Candidate Statements makes it easy to get a full view of all of the candidates in the race without having to type a thing. Just click, review, hit the back arrow and check out the next person. So easy."

While this approach works, it doesn't work well for those of us who are mobile. Someone needs to develop an app for the paperless delivery of election materials so that by the time the 2012 presidential election cycle rolls around we can receive everything on our smartphone, iPad or whatever device might be popular then.

Imagine. Wouldn't it be great if election materials included not only the "official" election material but also had enhanced voter information with links to news, social media sites, spending and contribution reports. Maybe even online forums and debates. All of this could resemble the "Flipboard" application on the iPad an it would not only save money as the Pew report says but it would make government election material almost "inviting" to look at and read through.

April 19, 2011

Add Your Local Knowledge to the Map with Google Map Maker

BEFORE GOOGLE Map Maker - a product that enables people to add to and update the map for locations around the world - only 15 percent of the world's population had detailed online maps of their neighborhoods. Using Map Maker, people have built out and edited the maps for 183 countries and regions around the world.

Today Google announced the opening of the United States in Google Map Maker. This allows you to add your own expert local knowledge directly to the map. According to Google, "you know your neighborhood or hometown best, and with Google Map Maker you can ensure the places you care about are richly represented on the map. For example, you can add the name of your local pizza parlor, or add a description of your favorite book store.

Google wants you to help make the map complete in other ways as well, such as marking the bike lanes in your town or adding all of the buildings on your university campus so they appear in Google Maps.

April 18, 2011

Budget Deals Deep Cuts to Obama Administration's Transparency Sites

THOUGH THE budget deal struck recently by lawmakers averted a shutdown of the federal government, it still has open-government advocates worried about a shutdown of another sort: a shutdown in transparency.

Lawmakers in both houses passed a six-month spending bill April 14, dealing a deep cut to key transparency initiatives. Some of those initiatives were launched with much fanfare at the outset of the Obama administration.

Funds for the Electronic Government Fund were cut by about 75 percent, from $34 million in 2010 to $8 million.

Obama Hits YouTube to Pump Up Wednesday's Town Hall Meeting at Facebook

WITH THE release of a new YouTube video this morning, President Obama is aiming to remind Americans to weigh in on his Wednesday "Shared Responsibility and Shared Prosperity" town hall at Facebook in Palo Alto. The event will be live streamed.

As of 12 noon, April 18 - here are the stats from Facebook:
  • 18,823 attending the event
  • 3,805 may attend the event
  • 44,361 awaiting reply
  • 5,470 not attending
Watch the video invitation.

Twitter, Facebook and YouTube Now Crucial to Presidential Campaigns

FOUR YEARS ago, Barack Obama kicked off his presidential campaign on the steps of Illinois' Old State Capitol, speaking in front of thousands of supporters and a throng of media. Earlier this month, when he formally announced his reelection campaign, he did so without public appearance, in an online video.

The shift in part represents the difference between the candidacies, from one starring an upstart challenger to one featuring an incumbent president. But it also underscores how dramatically social media have become a defining force in modern-day politics.

April 17, 2011

Where Would You Start if You Could Reset Your City?

PHIL TING, currently San Francisco County's Assessor, is running for mayor. I recommend checking out one of his websites, "Reset San Francisco." It's got lots of good content and there is an emphasis on Gov 2.0 topics.

The site includes articles, petitions and ideas for change. You can pick an issue or join in the conversation. In fact, Reset SF sponsored a Solutions Palooza on April 16 where residents could weigh in on their priorities for the city by the bay.

Of special interest is a short essay authored by Mr. Ting entitled, 'User-Generated Government: From Web 2.0 to Gov 2.0' and another by Ben Shore, 'When Open Government Closes.'

April 16, 2011

Reducing Hot Air in Congress

REPRESENTATIVE CROWLEY (D-NY) gave one of the best speeches you'll never hear on the floor of the House of Representatives last week. Standing in front of an easel, he ripped down sheets of paper with words on them (nice work staff), giving his speech without a "partisan" word.

Watch it here - it's only about a minute.

April 15, 2011

Apps for Communities Challenge: $100,000 in Prizes

THE KNIGHT Foundation and the FCC challenge you to develop a software application that delivers personalized, actionable information to people that are least likely to be online. The Challenge initiative will offer up to $100,000 in prizes to winning application developers and is intended to bring together providers of public data, developers and traditionally underserved populations through a national contest.

The goals of the Challenge are to:
  • make local public information more personalized, usable and accessible for all Americans;
  • promote broadband adoption, particularly among Americans who are less likely to be regular Internet users; and
  • create better links between Americans and services provided by local, state, Tribal and federal governments.
Learn More Here >

'LikeMinded' Application Connects Leaders with Ideas for Local Change

A NEW online tool for local change makers launched recently. The idea is that people do great work in their neighborhoods and local communities, but no one hears about 'em.

LikeMinded will collect stories of local innovations, success and sometimes even failures and help information get where it needs to go, whether that is to other community activists, potential collaborators or the media. This helps other people replicate successes in their own communities.

This application will be of interest to anyone who cares about their neighborhood or town, free and no login is needed to discover local stories. LikeMinded was built especially for people who want to change something in their community but don't know where to start. It's also designed for leaders of successful community projects to get credit for their good work and inspire others.

Check out the video the LikeMinded team has created that will walk you through each feature of the site.

April 14, 2011

San Francisco Launches 'Let's Do It SF! Initiative'

CONGRATULATIONS TO San Francisco City Attorney Dennis Herrera who has launched "Lets Do It SF!" initiative, in partnership with the Department of Public Works, SF Environment and 311. The effort aims to tackle the increasing incidents of illegal dumping and graffiti across San Francisco. It aims to empower local residents to use smartphone applications to report vandalism and to encourage volunteer cleanup participation.

The City Attorney's Office also launched a companion website, LetsDoItSF.org to support the initiative.

San Francisco residents can download a smartphone application or use the website to map existing blighted locations. The website will collect data which will hep City departments target areas where frequent illegal dumping and graffiti occur and feature guests blogs. Those without smart phones may still make a report by either calling 3-1-1 or visiting http://www.sfgov.org/311.

Established in 2008, the "Let's Do It!" campaign began with a visionary mobile waste-mapping effort in Estonia, which culminated in a countrywide cleanup in which more than 50,000 volunteers cleaned 10,000 tons of waste in a matter of hours. The SF project encourages a similar spirit of bold volunteerism and joins a global effort in support of the upcoming World Cleanup Day, a plan to stage massive single-day cleanups in more than a hundred participating countries starting March 24, 2012.

The reporting part of all of this is done by an application called 'SeeClickFix' and you could use it in your neighborhood to start your own cleanup effort. Visit the See Click Fix website to get started or check out the video.

OK, so I checked my town for issue reports on the website and discovered there were five incident listings for Redwood City, California. The reports included two potholes, one street light outage, one timing light off kilter and one low lighting with speeders issue.

The site allows you to click on a reported incident and find out its status. Each of the Redwood City reports was were "open" despite one being submitted over a year ago. (I thought I would drive by today and check one of the potholes.)

Another issue is that when I clicked on "Where did this report go?" - most of the issues had not been sent to the Mayor.

It just made me wonder how effective See Click Fix is as a standalone application?

April 13, 2011

Daughter Asks Father: "What's a Telephone Booth?"

THIS TRUE short story provides a glimpse into how much the world has changed. The scene is a recent early morning at a dog park in San Mateo, California. The conversation takes place between a father and his 9 year-old daughter while they were watching their Golden Doodle romp with a dozen other dogs.

The father, the week before, had taken his family on a short vacation to Disneyland in Los Angeles. While on vacation he had to make an important business call that needed some privacy.

He found a telephone phone booth just around the corner from the hotel and at the appointed time, placed the call.

When dad returned to the hotel room his daughter asked, "did you make your phone call?"

"Yes, I used a phone booth around the corner and everything went well."

"What's a phone booth," the 9 year-old asks in a way that only a curious and innocent kid could.

The father paused for a second as a wry smile reshaped his face, "a phone booth is a small structure where you can make a call after you put a slug of quarters in the phone."

In total shock she shoots back, "You have to put money in the phone?"

"That's right," dad says.

Then she asks, with a dubious tone in her voice, "do you get your money back?"

"No way," says father.

"Wow, that doesn't seem fair," the daughter proclaims.

April 12, 2011

Flink12: The Safest Way to Share Your Personal Life

SPEAKING OF social networking, there are many social networking platforms available today to share your "public self." But where do you go to privately and safely share your personal, day-to-day thoughts and experiences?

That's where Flink12 comes in.

Flink12 was created as a safe and secure way to share your private life. It is playful, safe, extremely private and easy to use. A unique way of sharing and communicating, Flink12 allows you to share your life in a meaningful way with the people you know and care about most.

Oh, by the way - what is a Flink? It's a group of twelve cows and before you ask - it is different than a "herd."

Check Flink12 out here and catch the crazy cows. Or get started by watching the short video below.

Every Gift Given to State Leaders and Aides

CORPORATIONS AND interest groups gave California leaders and their aides roughly 40,000 gifts worth a total of more than $2 billion during the last decade, according to a Sacramento Bee review of state data.

The Bee's database allows you to search one of three ways.

1. Choose from a list of top gift recipients.

2. Enter the name of an entity that lobbies.

3. Enter the whole or partial name of a recipient.

Search the database here.

View the list here.

Voting and YOU!

ED HELMS, Rachael Harris and Chris Mintz-Plasse (McLovin) star in this 1950's style faux-info video on voting. Courtesy of declareyourself.com

How Information Can Fuel Jobs

FOR THE past few years, proponents of "government 2.0" have been trying to liberate public data. Their argument goes like this: Our governments collect tons of information about everyday life-crime, health, economics, weather. That data is paid for with taxes and belongs to the public, so release it openly and altruistic geeks can build apps that improve civic life.

But it's slow going. Bureaucrats still snooze atop mountains of public data, with no political imperative to release it. It's not something senators and congresspeople fret about while nursing martinis with lobbyists. "It's not the primary mission of any agency," notes Tom Lee, a director at the Sunlight Foundation, one of the foremost open-government groups.

So how do we get the attention of the political class? With one word: jobs.

Mayoral Recall Drives Go Viral

BUYOED BY the viral power of the Internet and rising anti-government sentiment. disgruntled voters have set off a rash of recall drives against mayors in cities across the USA.

The urge to oust city leaders has intensified in the struggling economy as more mayors raise taxes and cut services to close budget shortfalls.

Fifty-seven mayors faced recall attempts last year, up from 23 in 2009, according to Ballotpedia, a non-profit that tracks recall elections. So far this year: 15. Almost all have failed.

Unhappy voters no longer wait until the next election to boot someone out of office because the Internet and other technology allow them to spread the word and gather signatures for recall petitions fast.

April 11, 2011

Indian Politicians Woo Voters With Giveaways of Cows, Blenders and Laptops

INDIAN POLITICIANS have a long tradition of wooing voters with promises of handouts like grain subsidies. But in this month's elections in the state of Tamil, Nadu, politicians are plowing some new ground: They are promising to give away blenders, sheep, bus passes, gold necklaces and cable-TV hookups if they win.

First-Time Voters in the 2008 Election

FIRST-TIME voters may have determined the outcome of the 2008 presidential election. According to the 2008 National Election Day Exit Poll, of the 131,406,895 ballots counted in the 2008 election, approximately 15,112,000 ballots were cast by first-time voters.

Study Shows Public's Cable Channels at Risk

THE ALLIANCE for Communications Democracy (ACD) and the Benton Foundation released results of a nationwide study on public, educational and government (PEG) Access showing that public access cable channels have been the hardest hit by a wave of funding cuts and closures across the country in recent years. The primary causes are new state franchising laws and decisions of local governments.

"These findings reflect an alarming trend," said Rob Brading,
ACD President. "The loss of Public Access channels closes the door on the local community, including health and jobs groups, housing advocates, small business, churches, and arts and civic groups. Immediate steps need to be taken to stop the erosion of the infrastructure devoted to public use."

"Public access channels advance first amendment goals through inclusion of a diversity of people, ideas and issues, "said Benton Foundation Executive Director, Cecilia Garcia. "That's deserving of our government's highest protections, particularly at a time of unprecedented media consolidation."

The study looked at results from over 200 PEG centers from around the country, as well as tracking closures of centers in the past five years. Findings show:

► PEG Access Centers in at least 100 communities across the United States have been closed since 2005. A disproportionate number (93) exclusively served the public.

► Hundreds more PEG Access Centers in six states affected by state franchising laws may be forced to close or experience serious threats to financial and in-kind support over the next three


► Half of the 165 survey respondents providing financial information for 2005 and 2010 reported an average funding drop of 40% since 2005.

► The primary reasons cited for reductions in funding and in-kind resources for PEG Access Centers were new state franchising laws and/or decisions by local governments.

Complete study results are available by clicking here.